Sildenafil

Sildenafil

Table of Content

  1. What is Sildenafil?
  2. Available brands of medicine with Sildenafil as an active ingredient
  3. Sildenafil Uses and Benefits
  4. How Does Sildenafil Work?
  5. Sildenafil Side Effects
  6. Sildenafil Dosage
  7. Sildenafil Contraindications
  8. Drug interactions of Sildenafil
  1. Sildenafil Precautions and Warnings

What is Sildenafil?

Sildenafil is an allopathic medicine used to treat erectile dysfunction in men. Erectile dysfunction or impotence is the inability to get a full erection or keep an erection firm enough to participate in sexual intercourse. Get to know how Sildenafil works, its side effects, precautions, and contraindications where Sildenafil is not suggested to use.

Available brands of medicine with Sildenafil as an active ingredient

Below mentioned is the list of few example medicines that have Sildenafil as an active ingredient and with same strength (Sildenafil 100mg). The doctor may prescribe any of them based on availability.

  • Vigora 100mg Tablet – Zydus Cadila
  • Aurogra 100mg Tablet – Aurochem Pharmaceuticals India Pvt Ltd
  • Intagra 100mg Tablet – Intas Pharmaceuticals Ltd
  • Manforce 100mg Tablet – Mankind Pharma
  • Zestasil 100mg Tablet – TVB Healthcare
  • Viagra 100mg Tablet – Pfizer Ltd
  • Sidnakind Tablet – Mankind Pharma Ltd
  • Silagra 100mg Tablet – Cipla Ltd
  • Penegra 100mg Tablet – Zydus Cadila Ltd
  • Instarise 100mg Tablet – Macleods Pharmaceuticals Pvt Ltd
  • Caverta 100mg Tablet – Sun Pharmaceutical Industries Ltd

Sildenafil Uses and Benefits

Sildenafil is used to manage Erectile Dysfunction.

How does Sildenafil work?

Sildenafil helps the muscles found in walls of blood vessels relax, thus increases blood flow to particular areas of the body thereby helps in attaining and maintaining an erection.

Note: Details mentioned here is for informative purpose only. It is advised to use this medicine with proper medical advice and prescription only.

Side Effects of Sildenafil

Stop using this medicine and get emergency medical help if you have signs of allergic reactions such as:

  • Hives
  • Difficulty breathing
  • Swelling of Face, Lips, Tongue, or Throat

Stop taking Sildenafil and get emergency medical help if you suffer:

  • Heart attack symptoms may include chest pain, pain that spreads to your jaw or shoulder, nausea, sweating
  • Changes in vision or sudden vision loss
  • Erection is painful or lasts longer than 2-4 hours (prolonged erection can damage the penis)

Immediate medical attention is needed and advised to consult your doctor at once if you notice any below mentioned side effects.

  • Ringing sensation in the ears
  • Sudden loss of hearing
  • Shortness of breath
  • Irregular heartbeat
  • Swelling of your hands, ankles, or feet
  • Seizure (convulsions)

Common Side Effects of Sildenafil

  • Flushing
  • Headache and dizziness
  • Blurred vision
  • Runny or stuffy nose, nosebleeds
  • Insomnia
  • Muscle pain
  • Back pain
  • Upset stomach

Contraindications of Sildenafil

The following individuals should not take Sildenafil Tablet, or should check with their physician first:

  • Patients who are using nitric oxide donors, nitrates, and organic nitrites
  • People with severe liver impairment
  • People with kidney disease
  • Those who have had a recent heart attack or stroke
  • Individuals who have eye-related genetically inherited problems such as inherited retinal dystrophies, or IRDs
  • Individuals with hypotension (low blood pressure)
  • Men who are advised to refrain from sexual intercourse because of cardiovascular risk factors

Sildenafil Dosage

Note: Dosage details mentioned here is for informative purpose only. It is advised to use this medicine only with proper medical supervision only.

The dosage depends on several factors. Please follow the instruction by your doctor. Points mentioned here are purely for informative purpose only.

Some drugs are not safe to use along with this medication. Specifically, Sildenafil shouldn’t be used while you are using any nitrate drugs for treating chest pain or heart problems. This includes Nitroglycerin, Isosorbide mononitrate, Isosorbide dinitrate, amyl nitrate, or nitrite “poppers”.

Sildenafil Contraindications

Sildenafil is not recommended to use in some health conditions. It is advised to consult your doctor before using this medicine and discuss all the health issues you are suffering.

  • Those on nitric oxide donors, nitrates, and organic nitrites
  • People with severe liver impairment
  • People with kidney disease
  • Those who have had a recent heart attack or stroke
  • Individuals with hereditary degenerative retinal disorders
  • Individuals with hypotension (low blood pressure)
  • Men who are advised to refrain from sexual intercourse because of cardiovascular risk factors

Drug interactions of Sildenafil

Sildenafil can interact with some other medicine if used together. Hence it is advised to inform your doctor about the medication you are using to avoid complications of drug interactions.

  • Nitroglycerin or Glyceryl trinitrate
  • Isosorbide Mononitrate
  • Ranitidine
  • Erythromycin
  • Phenytoin
  • Clarithromycin
  • Carbamazepine
  • Roxithromycin

Sildenafil Precautions and Warning

Taking Sildenafil with a nitrate drug can cause a sudden and dangerous drop in blood pressure. Also, you shouldn’t use the medicine for pulmonary hypertension if you’re taking Sildenafil Tablet.

Before you start on Sildenafil Tablet, tell your physician if you have or have ever had:

  • High or low blood pressure
  • High cholesterol
  • A stroke
  • Kidney or liver disease
  • Diabetes
  • Heart disease, a heart attack, heart failure, or heart rhythm problems
  • A blood disorder, such as multiple myeloma, leukemia, or sickle cell anemia
  • A bleeding disorder, such as hemophilia
  • Allergies to medications
  • Blood circulation problems
  • Blockages in the veins of the lungs
  • Stomach ulcers

Inform your doctor before starting the medication about:

  • If you have been advised not to have sex for any related health reasons
  • If you experienced any incidence of prolonged erection for several hours
  • If you have a habit of smoking
  • If you suffered severe dehydration recently

Sildenafil can lower blood flow to the optic nerve in your eye, which may cause sudden vision loss. Most people who experience this complication also have heart disease, high blood pressure, high cholesterol, diabetes, or specific eye problems. People aged above 50 and who are regular smokers are at high risk of vision-related issues due to the usage of this medicine.

  • If you suffer unusual vision loss, stop using this medicine and seek emergency medical help.
  • Also, let your physician know immediately if you have chest pain, nausea, or dizziness during sexual activity while using this me.
  • Sildenafil shouldn’t be used by anyone under 18 years of age unless a doctor tells you otherwise.
  • Let your doctor know you’re taking Sildenafil before having any type of surgery, including a dental procedure.

If for some reason an experienced doctor is not available around you, then you can contact us here.

Dr. Srishti Tayal is Chief Radiologist at Radiodent – Dental and Maxillofacial Imaging. She has completed BDS and MDS with Gold Medal from JSS Medical College, Mysore. She is a passionate medical researcher and has published five research papers in various medical journals and received an award for the best scientific paper.

In addition to following her pursuits in dentistry, she is also an avid medical writer who believes in bridging the information gap among the common population with regards to modern medicine.

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