Table of Content
- What is Morphine?
- Morphine Composition and Active Ingredients
- Some of the available brands with Morphine as an active ingredient
- Morphine Uses and Benefits
- How Does Morphine Work?
- Morphine Side Effects
- Morphine Dosage
- Morphine Contraindications
- Precautions to be taken while using Morphine
- Drug interactions of Morphine
What is Morphine?
Morphine is a generic name of the medicine prescribed to treat health conditions where a moderate to severe pain is involved such as post-surgical pains, joint pains involved in arthritis conditions, very severe back pain issues, etc.
This medicine belongs to the class of drugs called opioids or narcotics. Let’s explore more details about this medicine such as uses, side effects, precautions to take before using and possible drug interactions, etc.
Morphine Composition and Active Ingredients
Morphine is a generic name of the medicine and is an active ingredient in various branded medicine.
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Some of the available brands with Morphine as an active ingredient
Below mentioned brands contain Morphine as an active ingredient
- Morcon 10mg Tablet – Manufactured by Modi Mundi Pharma Pvt Ltd
- Morphitroy 10mg Tablet – Manufactured by Troikaa Pharmaceuticals Ltd
- Morcontin 10mg Tablet – Manufactured by Modi Mundi Pharma Pvt Ltd
- Duramor 10mg Tablet – Manufactured by Biological E Ltd
- Vermor 10mg Tablet – Manufactured by Verve Healthcare Ltd
- San Morf 10mg Tablet – Manufactured by Sandor Orthopedics
Morphine Uses and Benefits
Morphine is prescribed to treat conditions with moderate to severe pain such as:
- Joint pains in arthritic conditions
- Post-surgical pains
- Severe back pain
How Does Morphine Work?
Morphine is a pain medication that belongs to the group of medicine called opioid analgesics. It works by blocking the transmission of pain signals from the origin of pain to the pain receptors in the brain.
Morphine Side Effects
Along with the intended benefits of the medicine, it might cause some unwanted side effects too in some cases. Below mentioned are some such possible side effects by the usage of Morphine:
- Dry mouth
- Sleepiness / Insomnia
- Agitation and anxiety
- Pain while urination
The dosage depends on the severity of the health condition that the medicine is prescribed for. It is advised to follow the dosage as per the prescription.
Take the dosage at regular intervals and as per the instructions by your doctor. Never take an extra dosage to cover up for any missed dosage.
Never take an extra dosage, and consult with your doctor in a case overdosage happens.
The main contraindication of this drug is the hypersensitivity of this medicine by the patient. Let your doctor know if you have used this drug in the past and if you faced any hypersensitivity towards it. Also, inform if you are suffering any of the following conditions.
- Hepatic impairment
- Head injuries
- Consumption of antidepressants
- Blockage of the stomach or intestines
- Children under the age of 16 years
Precautions to be taken while using Morphine
If you use other over the counter products or other drugs at the same time, the effects of Morphine may change. This may increase your risk for side-effects or the medicine may not work properly.
Inform your doctor about any prescription and non-prescription drugs, nutritional supplements, vitamins, and herbal products you might be using or planning to use so that your doctor can help you prevent or manage the drug interactions. Some health conditions may make you more susceptible to the side-effects of this drug.
Use this medicine exactly as directed by your doctor or follow the direction printed on the product insert. The amount of dose is based on your condition. It is advised to consult the doctor immediately if the conditions persist or worsen. Some of the key counseling points are listed below:
- Avoid using Morphine if you are allergic to it
- In case of any health issues related to liver or kidney or stomach, it is advised to use only after proper consultation.
- Avoid alcohol consumption while under this medication.
- Those planning a surgery must take precautions while choosing this medication even if it is a minor surgery such as dental conditions related.
- Extra precautions must be taken while driving or operating heavy machinery when you are under this medication.
- Pregnant women or those planning to get pregnant or breastfeeding women must take advice from their doctor before using this medicine.
Drug interactions of Morphine
Precautions must be taken to avoid any possible drug interactions while using this medicine. Inform your doctor about your current medication and any other supplementary over the counter medicines if being used.
Below mentioned are the type of medicines that have possible drug interactions with Morphine:
- Blood thinner medications like warfarin
- Antifungal medicine such as Nizoral
- Antibiotic medicine such as erythromycin
- Medicine that is used to treat neurological conditions like bipolar disorder and schizophrenia
- Any antidepressant medication
- Any blood thinners or cardio-related medicine
- Medicine to treat anxiety
- Any other medicine to treat pain
- Medicine to treat migraine headaches
- Medicine to treat seizures
- Any muscle relaxant medicine
Some examples of medicine that Morphine has the possibility of drug interactions are –
- SSRI (Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors)
- Tricyclic antidepressants (TCA) – Some of the examples of this type of medicine are – amoxapine, protriptyline, imipramine, clomipramine
- Antidepressant medicine like Monoamine oxidase inhibitors (MAOIs) – Tramadol is recommended to use after 2 weeks of stopping the course of these MAOIs
- Tranquilizer or sedative medicine that is used in neuropsychiatric conditions
- Anesthetic medicine and opioids
If for some reason an experienced doctor is not available around you, then you can contact us here.
Dr. Srishti Tayal is Chief Radiologist at Radiodent – Dental and Maxillofacial Imaging. She has completed BDS and MDS with Gold Medal from JSS Medical College, Mysore. She is a passionate medical researcher and has published five research papers in various medical journals and received an award for the best scientific paper.
In addition to following her pursuits in dentistry, she is also an avid medical writer who believes in bridging the information gap among the common population with regards to modern medicine.