Ibuprofen is a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory (NSAIDs) drug used to reduce fever and treat pain or inflammation caused by many ailments such as arthritis, headache, toothache, backache, menstrual cramps, or minor injuries. Get to know how Ibuprofen works, its side effects, precautions, and contraindications where Ibuprofen is not suggested.
How does Ibuprofen work?
It works by blocking cyclooxygenase, which is an enzyme that produces prostaglandins—these are chemicals produced by the body during an inflammatory response, and they are responsible for causing pain and inflammation. The effect of Ibuprofen can be observed in 30 to 60 minutes and effect lasts for an average duration of 4 to 6 hours.
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Ibuprofen is used to treat symptoms like joint stiffness, painful joints of the knee, hip, neck, lower back associated with Osteoarthritis.
Ibuprofen is used to treat symptoms like joint stiffness, pain, and swelling associated with Rheumatoid Arthritis.
Ibuprofen is used to treat pain and cramps during menstruation.
Fever and Pain
Ibuprofen is used to treat headache, backache, and fever.
Ibuprofen also used in:
- sprains of muscles and joints
- Mild to moderate pain in cases like kidney stones and gallstones
- Polymyositis (inflammation of muscles)
- TMJ (temporomandibular joint) pain
- Dental pain
Avoid if you have allergy to Ibuprofen or other NSAIDs
Ibuprofen is contraindicated if you are diagnosed with asthma or other respiratory complications.
If you are suffering from any bleeding disorder Ibuprofen is not recommended for you. It could cause severe swelling and bleed in the intestines, stomach, and anus.
Ibuprofen side effects
- The most common ibuprofen side effects are abdominal pain, rash, ringing in ears, headaches, dizziness, drowsiness, diarrhea, nausea, heartburn and constipation.
- Serious ibuprofen side effects is ulceration of the stomach or intestine, and the ulcers may bleed
- Allergic reactions (especially in people who have asthma)
- Reduction of blood flow to the kidneys and impaired function of the kidneys
Doctor’s advice for Ibuprofen Tablet
- Ibuprofen is a very safe and well-tolerated medicine for short-term use
- Consuming high dose or taking long time Ibuprofen can cause kidney problems and stomach bleeding
- If you are suffering from kidney disease, inform your doctor first. Your dose may need to be adjusted
- When you taking Ibuprofen, Avoid excess intake of alcohol, together they can affect your liver
- If you have taken overdoses, Immediately inform your doctor or contact a hospital emergency and you are feeling unwell
Taking more than prescribed Ibuprofen may cause harmful side effects. Consult your doctor or pharmacist if you find any side effects.
If you miss the dosage take as soon as possible, and if it is near to next dose, skip the missing dosage continue the regular dosage. Do not take extra doses.
It is not recommended for use in pregnant women unless necessary and the potential benefits outweigh the risks involved. Ibuprofen is not known to cause any harm to the fetus, but should only be used after consultation with your doctor.
Ibuprofen is safe to use during breastfeeding. Before taking this medicine consult your doctor.
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Precautions before taking Ibuprofen tablet
Some medications are not suitable for people with certain ailments, and sometimes a medicine may only be used if extra care is taken. For these reasons, before you start taking Ibuprofen, it is important that your doctor knows:
- If you have stomach ulcer, or if you have an inflammatory bowel disorder such as ulcerative colitis or Crohn’s disease
- If you have asthma or any other allergic disorder
- If you are pregnant or breastfeeding
- If you have high blood pressure
- If you have a heart condition or a problem with your circulation or blood vessels
- If you have any blood clotting problems
- If you have ever had an allergic reaction to any other medicines (such as aspirin, naproxen, and ibuprofen, indometacin), or to any other NSAIDs.
- If you have problems with the way your kidneys work or problems with the way your liver works
Substitutes for Diclofenac Tablet
Below is the list of tablets, which have the same composition, strength, and form as Diclofenac tablet, and hence can be used as its substitute:
- Motrin IB
- Profen IB
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