Top ACL Surgery Doctors
Experts in ACL Treatment
About ACL and ACL injury
What makes the ACL so special?
Back Pain - Spine Anatomy

Anterior cruciate ligaments (ACL) also known as cruciate ligaments are major ligaments present in the knee joint. They are one of the most commonly injured ligaments in the knee.

Usually, ACL injuries occur due to a sprain or an abrupt over-stretching of the knee. Often, ACL injuries are seen in athletes and in individuals involved in contact sports, such as football, basketball, and tennis.

Early symptoms of an ACL injury are a distinct “popping” sound from the knee to a sudden change in direction followed by swelling in the region within six hours of injury, pain, and instability while standing or walking on the affected leg.

An untreated ACL tear can transmit undue pressure to other components of the knee joint causing damage.

ACL injuries can be graded based on its severity:

  • Grade 1 Sprains: mild damage with a stable knee joint.
  • Grade 2 Sprains: partial tear of the ligament.
  • Grade 3 Sprains: complete tear of the ligament with an unstable knee joint.

Mostly, ACL ligaments tear completely, a partial tear of the ligament is rare.

Main Treatment Approaches
Right diagnosis leads to right treatment

Generally, a partially torn ACL does not require surgical correction but if you have a torn ACL with knee instability, surgical intervention is the only treatment option.

Conservative treatments like rest, ice, compression, and elevation along with pain medications can be recommended during the initial stages. However, if symptoms last for more than a week, it is advisable to visit a joint specialist.

A complete tear of the ACL requires surgical repair unless the affected knee is stable. Sometimes, non-surgical treatment of an ACL tear may be considered, for instance, in elderly patients or in patients who have a sedentary lifestyle.

An ACL reconstruction surgery involves replacement of the ligament by a tissue graft. A new ligament grows on the tissue graft approximately six months after the procedure.

Tissue grafts can be obtained from patient’s own body (autograft) or from other sources (allograft).

An anterior cruciate ligament surgery is minimally invasive and requires small incisions. Post-surgical rehabilitation is an important determinant to a successful recovery from an ACL injury.

Certain palliative treatments, such as yoga, acupuncture, and physiotherapy may provide relief in cases where surgery is not feasible.